1. Start with the alphabet and numbers. One of the first things you should start with is to teach the alphabet and numbers. By teaching the alphabet and numbers, you’ll create a great foundation for everything else that your students will learn.
2. Teach pronunciation, especially for difficult sounds. Teaching pronunciation is extremely important when teaching English as a second language. Consider focusing on sounds that are particularly hard for English as a second language students like:
3. Teach your students nouns. After teaching the alphabet and numbers, move on to nouns. Teaching nouns will be one of the easiest things for your students to learn. This is because your students will be able to look at everything around them as potential things to learn.
4. Instruct your students on verbs and adjectives. The next step after you teach your students nouns, is to move on to verbs and adjectives. Teaching verbs and adjectives will be a huge step in the process in which your students will put together full sentences (written or spoken).
5. Explain tenses and articles. After you’ve covered nouns, verbs, and adjectives, you need to move on to teaching tenses and articles to your students. Without understanding how to use the proper tense and where to use articles, your students will not be able to put whole sentences together.
6. Practice common phrases. One great way to teach English is to encourage your students to practice and use common phrases. This is important, as your students won’t understand the meaning of many common phrases just based off of the literal meaning of the words.
7. Teach basic sentence construction. After you've taught the alphabet, verbs, and more, you should begin to teach your students basic sentence construction. This is important, as it will provide a foundation to their writing ability. It will also aid them in reading. Teach the main five patterns that sentences in English are constructed around:
1. Encourage students to speak only English in the classroom. One great way to facilitate learning is to encourage students to avoid speaking languages other than English in the classroom. This necessarily forces students to use their knowledge of English and further develop them. It also provides teaching moments for instructors and learning opportunities for students.
2. Provide verbal and written instructions. When explaining an activity or giving directions about homework, classwork, or a project, you should always give both verbal and written instructions. Giving both verbal and written instructions allows your students to hear words and see them in print at the same time. This will aid in word association and in pronunciation.
3. Monitor students’ progress constantly. No matter what type of lesson you are teaching or what activity your students are doing, you should monitor them constantly. Monitoring students will allow you to see their progress and to find out if they are struggling.
4. Promote a diversity of modes of learning. Teaching English as a second language to beginners is a lot more effective when you use a variety of types of learning. Diversity in learning is important since each student is different and learns differently.
5. Break lessons into small pieces. When teaching beginners or very young students, break the lesson into several pieces of about 10 minutes. Breaking lessons up into small pieces will make sure you don’t lose your students' attention. At the same time, it will make sure that you don’t overwhelm your students.
1. Use games to reinforce the topic of the day. Games will help students learn English by making it fun and by compelling them to think in new and different ways.
2. Use visuals to teach language. An important way to teach language is to use visuals in order to build word association. By using visuals to promote word association, your students will be able to make stronger connections between ideas and new words that they are learning in your class. Consider:
3. Promote the use of targeted language apps on mobile devices. One great way to teach English as a second language is to incorporate the use of targeted language applications on smart phones. Targeted language apps are a great way to reinforce what you have taught during instruction time, as students can use them to practice their language skills and to learn new phrases and words.
4. Use social media. Social media is a great way to teach English as a second language for beginners. Social media provides a great opportunity for you to teach colloquial phrases and commonly used words. In addition, it provides an opportunity for students to observe word usage and to practice what they have learned.